You will all know just how important it is to protect your home or business property and a good CCTV system is just one of the more effective ways to achieve this. Having your property under the surveillance of such a system will not only capture any wrongdoings but they will also act as a deterrent to anyone thinking of damaging or stealing from your property.
However, what many people do not know is that there is actually a wide variety of different types of CCTV camera. Each type will be better suited to specific situations or types of properties, so understanding the different types before you buy is extremely important.
Below we will take you through each type of CCTV camera, explain why they are different and let you know their most ideal uses.
- Dome Cameras
Dome cameras are some of the most commonly used security cameras for both indoor and outdoor surveillance. They are popular for a number of reasons, primarily because they are easy to install, have vandal-resistant features and can be used during the daytime and at night due to infrared night vision.
Another reason for their popularity is their dome shape design which makes it difficult for people to see which way the camera is facing. This increases the deterrent value that any CCTV camera already has, simply because a criminal will not be deterred if they know that a camera is not facing them.
- Bullet Cameras
As the more traditional looking CCTV camera, the bullet camera has an elongated shape which allows them to provide the viewing of longer distances. These are often designed to include protective casings which not only helps to protect them from damage but also from dust, dirt, water and other environmental elements.
These generally have a higher resolution when compared to dome cameras and that combined with a longer view range makes them ideal for use outdoors or in larger spaces indoors such as warehouses or factories. Many models also come with infrared night vision too which means they can be just as effective at night time.
- Covert Cameras
Covert cameras are another type of CCTV camera but these will generally be used in a business environment to catch employees who might be stealing or performing other crimes in the workplace. These can be disguised in various objects such as smoke alarms and clocks and will be extremely hard to spot.
While these are generally used in a business or commercial setting, they are still used by some for use in the home. This could be to keep an eye on babysitters when they are looking after your children or if you wanted to catch a repeat criminal in the act on your property without alerting them to the fact that they are being watched.
- Box Cameras
Box cameras are usually higher-end CCTV cameras that are used to watch over high-security locations. They offer excellent resolution, are vandal and weatherproof, can be customised with a range of different lenses, work exceptionally well in low-light conditions and are the most expensive type of camera that you will find.
- PTZ Cameras
If you have seen the street CCTV cameras that are used by the government and police force, you will already know what a PTZ camera is. PTZ stands for Pan, Tilt, and Zoom and is cameras that are manned by somebody at the controls. They can zoom in up to x36, offer a good resolution image, generally, have IR night vision built in and will be seen in malls, on the streets or in other highly populated areas.
Some of these cameras will also come with the ability to motion detect and automatically hone in on anyone that walks past a PIR sensor on a property. This is ideal for when these cameras are not always manned as they can still be caught and recorded.
- ANPR/LPR Cameras
You have probably heard that there are CCTV cameras out there that can read number plates, especially if you yourself have received a fine through the post for going a little too fast. These cameras are known as ANPR (automatic number plate recognition) or LPR (license plate recognition cameras) cameras and these can be found on roadsides, at tolling stations and in car parks across the country.
- IP Cameras
If you wanted to be able to see the live action being seen from your camera from a mobile phone or computer located somewhere else, an IP camera is going to be the best option. These will share and store their images online which not only makes it impossible for someone to destroy any recorded footage but will allow you to connect to the live feed via your device when connected to the internet elsewhere.
What to Consider When Choosing a CCTV Camera
As you can see from above, there are so many different types of CCTV cameras that you can buy but the key is making sure that you purchase the right one for your needs. Will you want to place it outside? Will you require night vision? Do you want it to be hidden or to act as a deterrent? These are just some of the considerations that you will have to make before making your ultimate choice.
- Where Will You Place the CCTV Camera?
Knowing where you are going to use your camera will have a big impact on the one that you ultimately choose. If you’re just using it inside your home, you’ll probably want to go for a dome camera while for outside, a bullet cam, Dark Fighter Technology Camera, Box or PTZ camera might make for a better choice.
- Are They To Act as a Deterrent?
Visible cameras act as a deterrent as well as being able to see and record anything that is going on but sometimes you may want to be able to catch somebody in the act rather than scare them away. Discreet cameras or the less obvious dome cameras are good for this while the larger and more prominent bullet and box cameras are going to have that added deterrent value.
- Do You Need to Record Sound as Well as Video?
Did you know that some CCTV cameras will allow you to hear as well as see? You can even speak to a person you are watching with some camera systems. Is this something that you’re going to want with your system or is picture more than enough to get the job done?
- How Good a Picture do You Require?
Just like the cameras on your mobile phones, some will be better and clearer than others and this is down to their resolution. How good a picture you require will be something that you need to think about but for cameras watching over a small room, you will not require anything special. An outside camera that has quite an expansive area to cover, on the other hand, will probably need to have as good a resolution as possible.
- What Light Conditions Will the Camera Have to Operate In?
If you’re planning to have a camera outside, you’re likely going to want one that works well in varying light conditions. There is no point having one that cannot see in the dark or low-level light if you specifically want your camera to watch over your property at these times.
- Will Your Cameras be Manned?
Some businesses will require a camera that is controlled manually by one or more people in a control room. This is simply so prompt action can be taken on anything that occurs rather than sifting through the footage after an event has occurred. In cases like this, you’re going to want to make use of a PTZ camera.
What CCTV Cameras Can We Install for You?
Want to learn more about the types of CCTV cameras that we at First Contact Fire & Security can install on your residential or commercial property? Then head over to our CCTV installation service page and you will find everything that you need to know!